Present Subjunctive

Present Subjunctive

Present Subjunctive

A useful grammar structure that looks very well in reports and position papers. For those who see it for the first time, present subjunctive may look strange. In this structure the bare infinitive is used although it follows a person. Have a look at the examples presented below.

Examples:

  • I recommend that the budget be cut.
  • The director insisted that you participate in the meeting.
  • It is crucial that we start the reform.
  • It is essential he not be present during the discussion.
  • He suggested that the company not join the organization.
  • George demanded the money not be allocated for this project.

 Present subjunctive is used after:

  • verbs: recommend, propose, suggest, ask, request, demand, require, order, command, wish, advise, desire, insist, urge
  • adjectives: vital, crucial, essential, important, imperative, necessary, urgent, desirable (in expressions of the type: It is vital/ crucial/ essential etc.)

Look at the full form of a sentence to understand how the structure is formed.

The full form of a sentence:

I recommend (that) the new plan (should) be implemented.

The teacher suggested (that) all the students (should) attend additional English classes.

Exercise

Finish the second sentence showing the meaning of the first one.

1. John should study more.

It is advisable that ________________________

2. We shouldn’t start the reorganization this year.

I recommend that ________________________

3. New technologies are not necessary in our training processes. Let’s not introduce them.

I suggest that ________________________

4. Mary’s suggestion concerned changing procedures.

Mary suggested that ________________________

5. In my opinion the employment must be reduced.

It is crucial that ________________________

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